PAINT SPECIFICATION NO. 101 – Aluminum Alkyd Paint Leaﬁng (Type I) and Non-Leaﬁng (Type II)
1.1 This speciﬁcation covers two types of aluminum alkyd paint for steel. Both have good weathering in rural, industrial, and marine atmospheres. They are also excellent paints for interiors. These paints are not intended for use over bare steel.
1.2 These paints are suitable for exposures in Environmental Zones 1A (interior, normally dry) and 1B (exterior, normally dry) and are intended for brush or spray application over rust inhibitive priming paints, over themselves, or over other oleoresinous paints. Each paint is suitable as an intermediate or topcoat and is to be applied in accordance with SSPC PA 1, “Shop, Field, and Maintenance Painting of Steel.”
1.3 Two types are available under this speciﬁcation. Type I covers a leaﬁng aluminum paint intended as a ﬁnish paint and Type II covers a non-leaﬁng aluminum paint intended as an intermediate coat to provide contrast with the Type I ﬁnish coat.
2.1 Type I aluminum alkyd paint consists of a two-component container with leaﬁng-type aluminum paste separated from a long oil alkyd varnish vehicle. The aluminum paste is mixed with the alkyd varnish prior to use. Type II employs non-leaﬁng aluminum, and is usually furnished in a single compartment container. As an intermediate coat it provides a contrast with the Type I ﬁnish coat without tinting. Details of the composition are given in Table 1.
2.2 This primer contains approximately 40% by volume of nonvolatile ﬁlm-forming solids (pigment and binder). The theoretical spreading rate for a 1.5 mil (38 micrometers) dry ﬁlm thickness is 430 square feet/U.S. gallon (10.5 square meters/ liter). Actual spreading rates can be signiﬁcantly lower.
3. Referenced Standards
3.1 The latest issue, revision, or amendment of the referenced standards in effect on the date of invitation to bid shall govern unless otherwise speciﬁed.
3.2 If there is a conﬂict between the requirements of any of the cited reference standards and this speciﬁcation, the requirements of this speciﬁcation shall prevail.
3.3 SSPC STANDARD:
SSPC Guide 13 Guide for the Identiﬁcation and Use of Industrial Coating Material in Computerized Product Databases
PA 1 Shop, Field, and Maintenance Painting of Steel
3.4 ASTM INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS:
D 154 Guide for Testing Varnishes
D 235 Speciﬁcation for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent)
D 480 Test Methods for Sampling and Testing of Flaked Aluminum Powders and Pastes
D 600 Speciﬁcation for Liquid Paint Driers
D 962 Speciﬁcation for Aluminum Powder and Paste Pigments for Paints
D 1296 Test Method for Odor of Volatile Solvents and Diluents
D 1475 Test Method for Density of Liquid Coatings, Inks, and Related Products
D 1542 (Withdrawn)Test Method for Qualitative Detection of Rosin in Varnishes
D 1545 Test Method for Viscosity of Transparent Liquids by Bubble Time Method
D 2369 Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings
D 3278 Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Small-Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus
D 3925 Practice for Sampling Liquid Paints and Related Pigmented Coatings
3.5 FEDERAL STANDARDS:
TT-R-266 Resin, Alkyd: Solutions
TT-T-291 (Canceled) Thinner, Paint, Mineral Spirits, Regular and Odorless (Refer to A-A-2904)
FED-STD-141 Paint, Varnish, Lacquer and Related Materials: Methods of Inspection, Sampling and Testing
Method 3011 Condition in Container
Method 3021 (Canceled)Skinning(Partially Filled Container)
Method 4053 Nonvolatile Vehicle Content
Method 4061 Drying Time SSPC-Paint 101 November 1, 1982 Editorial Revisions November 1, 2004
Method 4203 Reducibility and Dilution Stability
Method 4321 Brushing Properties
Method 4331 Spraying Properties
Method 4541 (Canceled)Working Properties and Appearance of Dried Film
3.6 AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI) STANDARD:
Z129.1 Hazardous Industrial Chemicals— Precautionary Labeling
4.1 Ingredients and proportions of the mixed paint shall be as speciﬁed in Table 1.
4.2 The paint based on the speciﬁed ingredients shall be uniform, stable in storage, and free from grit and coarse particles. No rosin or rosin derivatives may be used. Beneﬁcial additives such as anti-skinning agents, suspending agents, or wetting aids may be added.
4.3 The alkyd varnish shall conform to the composition (analysis) requirements of Table 2.
5.1 The alkyd varnish shall meet the requirements of Table 3 and Sections 5.2 through 5.17.
5.2 ODOR: The odor shall be normal for the materials permitted (ASTM D 1296).
5.3 COLOR: The color shall be less than “11” on the Gardner 1933 scale.
5.4 COMPATIBILITY: There shall be no evidence of incompatibility of any of the ingredients of the paint when two volumes of the mixed paint are slowly mixed with one volume of mineral spirits (FED-STD-141, Method 4203).
5.5 WORKING PROPERTIES: The paint shall be easily applied by all three methods when tested in accordance with FED-STD-141, Methods 4321, 4331, and 4541. The paint shall show no streaking, running, or sagging after drying.
5.6 CONDITION IN CONTAINER: The ready-to-mix and ready-mixed paint shall show no gas evolution, thickening, curdling, gelling, or hard caking when tested as speciﬁed in FED-STD-141, Method 3011, after storage for six months from date of delivery, in a full, tightly covered container, at a temperature of 50-110°F (10 to 43°C).
5.7SKINNING: There shall be no skinning in a three quarters ﬁlled closed container after 48 hours when tested in the standard manner speciﬁed in FED-STD-141, Method 3021.
5.8 APPEARANCE OF DRIED FILM: A dried ﬁlm of the varnish shall be clear, smooth, and glossy.
5.9 FLEXIBILITY: A dried ﬁlm (thickness 1.0 ± 0.2 mils, 25 ± 5 micrometers) of the varnish shall show no cracking when bent over a 1 /8″ mandrel after 17 hours air dry, plus 24 hours bake at 215-225°F (102-107°C).
5.10 WATER RESISTANCE: Dried ﬁlms, prepared as in Section 5.9, shall resist boiling water for ten minutes, and shall withstand immersion in distilled water for 24 hours. Upon removal after two hours drying, the ﬁlm shall show no whitening, blistering, or loss of adhesion, but slight dulling is permissible.
5.11 GASOLINE RESISTANCE: After airdrying for 17 hours, plus a 24 hour bake at 220°F (104°C), the mixed paint shall show no detrimental ﬁlm effects after a painted panel is immersed in gasoline for four hours.
5.12 The aluminum paste for Type I leaﬁng paint shall comply with the requirements of ASTM D 962, Type 2, Class B, with the exception that the total retained on a 325 mesh sieve shall be within the range of 4%-6%.
5.13 Aluminum paste for Type II, non-leaﬁng paint shall be equivalent in ﬁneness to the standard lining grade as deﬁned by ASTM D 962, Type 4, Class B. In addition it shall meet the composition and properties requirements of Table 4 and Sections 5.14 through 5.17.
5.14 The aluminum pigment paste shall consist of commercially pure aluminum in the form of ﬁne, polished ﬂakes, and a suitable fatty lubricant or metallic soap lubricant combined with a volatile thinner. It shall contain no ﬁllers or adulterants. There shall be no appreciable settling out of the metallic portion of the paste in the container, i.e., no free liquid shall be present.
5.15 The test methods are those given in ASTM D 480.
5.16 The aluminum paste shall be non-leaﬁng. Two grams of the paste mixed with 25 ml of Leaf-Testing Vehicle (ASTM D 480) in a 250 cc beaker shall show no more than a trace of leaﬁng on the surface of the vehicle. In doubtful cases, absence of leaﬁng shall be conﬁrmed by Section 5.17.
5.17 GENERAL APPLICABILITY AND APPEARANCE:
The sample of aluminum paste to be tested may be compared with a sample mutually agreed upon by purchaser and seller.
6.1 Labeling shall conform to ANSI Z129.1.
6.2 Technical data shall be provided for at least all data elements categorized as “essential” in SSPC-Guide 13.
6.3 MARKING OF CONTAINERS: Each container shall be legible marked with the following information:
Name: Aluminum Alkyd Paint, Type I, Leaﬁng (or Type II, Non-Leaﬁng)
Speciﬁcation: SSPC-Paint 101, Type I (or II)
Component: SSPC-Paint 101 November 1, 1982 Editorial Revisions November 1, 2004
6.4 DIRECTIONS FOR USE: The following directions for use shall be supplied with each container of paint:
Directions for Use of Aluminum Alkyd Paint
This paint is intended for use as an intermediate (Type II) or ﬁnish coat (Type I) over rust inhibitive primers on structural steel or over other oleoresinous paints. All oil, grease, dust, and loose or non-adherent paint shall be removed; oil and grease shall be removed to the fullest extent practical, as residues of oil and grease remaining on the surface will result in decreased paint performance. If the undercoat is damaged, the steel shall be spot-cleaned and spot-primed with rust inhibitive primer.
Mix paint thoroughly before use. If this paint is furnished in two components, add the aluminum paste to the mixing varnish in the ratio of two pounds of aluminum paste per gallon of the varnish vehicle (1 kg per 4.2 l). To mix the paste with the varnish, add a small amount of the varnish to sufﬁcient aluminum paste in a large container. Thoroughly mix the aluminum paste with the small portion of varnish until a smooth, thin paste is achieved. Gradually add more of the varnish while stirring. Continue adding paste and mixing until all of the varnish is incorporated with the vehicle.
Examine bottom of container for unmixed paste. Screen paint before applying. Mix only enough for one day’s use. If this paint is furnished in a single component and the pigment has settled, pour off most of the liquid. Thoroughly mix the pigment with the remaining liquid, taking care to scrape all the pigment off the bottom of the can. Gradually add the poured-off liquid and mix thoroughly. Mixing may be made easier by transferring contents to a larger container or by pouring the paint to and from another container. Examine bottom of container for unmixed pigment. Screen paint before applying. Thin paint only if necessary, using only mineral spirits or turpentine. For brush application under normal conditions, no thinnings should be necessary. For spray applications add up to one pint of thinner per gallon of paint when necessary.
Apply by brush or spray to the speciﬁed ﬁlm thickness or, if none is speciﬁed, to at least 1.5 mils (38 micrometers) dry or approximately 4.0 mils (102 micrometers) wet. The surface to be painted shall be dry; the surface temperature shall be at least 5°F (3°C) above the dew point, and the temperature of the air shall be over 40°F (4°C). Do not paint outdoors in rainy weather or if freezing temperatures are expected before the paint dries. Allow paint at least a drying time of 24 hours in good weather before recoating.
NOTE: This paint is not intended to be used as a priming coat next to bare steel.
7.1 All materials (coatings) supplied under this speciﬁcation are subject to timely inspection by the purchaser or his authorized representative. The purchaser shall have the right to reject any materials supplied which are found to be defective underthisspeciﬁcation(seeNote9.1).Incaseofdispute,unless otherwise speciﬁed, the arbitration or settlement procedure established in the procurement documents shall be followed. If no arbitration or settlement procedure is established, then a procedure mutually agreeable to the purchaser and material supplier shall be used.
7.2 Samples of paints may be requested by the purchaser and shall be supplied upon request along with the manufacturer’s name and identiﬁcation for the materials. Samples may be requested at the time the purchase order is placed or may be taken from unopened containers at the job site.
7.3 Unless otherwise speciﬁed, the sampling shall be in accordance with ASTM D 3925.
8.1 While every precaution is taken to ensure that all information furnished in SSPC standards and speciﬁcations is as accurate, complete, and useful as possible, SSPC cannot assume responsibility nor incur any obligation resulting from the use of any materials, coatings, or methods speciﬁed herein, or of the speciﬁcation or standard itself.
8.2 This speciﬁcation does not attempt to address problems concerning safety associated with its use. The user of this speciﬁcation, as well as the user of all products or practices described herein, is responsible for instituting appropriate health and safety practices and for ensuring compliance with all governmental regulations.
Notes are not requirements of this speciﬁcation.
9.1 The procurement documents should establish the responsibility for samples, testing, and any required afﬁdavit certifying full compliance with the speciﬁcation.
9.2 ASTM and Federal Standard Test Methods listed as “canceled” or “withdrawn” are no longer maintained, but are still available as historical documents.