The Oil Base Painting Systems
Painting System Guide No. 1.00 – Guide for Selecting Oil Base Painting Systems
Most needs for oil base painting systems can be met by the standard SSPC Painting Systems 1.04 and 1.09 through 1.13 in this section. Other combinations of surface preparation, primers, intermediates, and topcoats may be selected for special situations for oil painting systems using the following Guide. To do so, select the desired surface preparation, primer, intermediate(s), and topcoat from those listed and insert them into the standard SSPC Painting System format. In order to aid in the selection, short comments are given. For additional information consult the “Commentary on Painting Systems” and the referenced standards.
1.1 These speciﬁcations cover oil base painting systems for steel cleaned with hand or power tools.
1.2 These systems are suitable for use on parts or structures exposed in Environmental Zone 1A (interior, normally dry) and Zone 1B (exterior, normally dry).
1.3 The oil base primers are slow in drying, but provide the wetting ability necessary for adhesion to nondescaled steel.
1.4 The color of the ﬁnish paint must be speciﬁed.
2.1 This guide outlines the components of a complete oil base painting system. A painting system shall consist of surface preparation by solvent cleaning and hand or power tool cleaning; one coat of oil base primer; one or two intermediate coat(s); and one ﬁnish coat.
3. Referenced Standards
3.4 SSPC STANDARDS AND JOINT STANDARDS:
PA 1 Shop, Field, and Maintenance Painting of Steel
PA 2 Measurement of Dry Coating Thickness With Magnetic Gages
PA Guide 4 Guide to Maintenance Repainting with Oil Base or Alkyd Painting System
Paint 11* Red Iron, Zinc Chromate, Raw Lin seed Oil and Alkyd Primer
Paint 21 White or Colored Silicone Alkyd Paint
Paint 25 Red Iron Oxide, Zinc Oxide, Raw Lin seed Oil, and Alkyd Primer
Paint 101 Aluminum Alkyd Paint
Paint 102 Black Alkyd Paint
Paint 103 Black Phenolic Paint
Paint 104 White or Tinted Alkyd Paint
Paint 108 High-Build Thixotropic Leaﬁng Aluminum Paint
PS 1.04 Three-Coat Oil-Alkyd (Lead- and Chromate-Free) Painting System for Galvanized or Non- Galvanized Steel (With Zinc Dust-Zinc Oxide Linseed Oil Primer)
PS 1.09 Three-Coat Oil Base Zinc Oxide Painting System (Without Lead or Chromate Pigment)
PS 1.10 Four-Coat Oil Base Zinc Oxide Painting System (Without Lead or Chromate Pigment)
PS 1.12 Three-Coat Oil Base Zinc Chromate Painting System
PS 1.13 One-Coat Oil Base Slow Drying Maintenance Painting System
(Without Lead or Chromate Pigment)
SP 2 Hand Tool Cleaning
SP 3 Power Tool Cleaning
SP 5/NACE No. 1 White Metal Blast Cleaning
SP 6/NACE No. 3 Commercial Blast Cleaning
SP 7/NACE No. 4 Brush-Off Blast Cleaning
SP 8 Pickling
SP 10/NACE No. 2 Near-White Blast Cleaning
SP 11 Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal
SP 12/NACE No. 5 Surface Preparation and Cleaning of Steel and Other Hard Materials by High- and Ultrahigh-Pressure Waterjetting Prior to Recoating
SP 13/NACE No. 6 Surface Preparation of Concrete
SP 14/NACE No. 8 Industrial Blast Cleaning
3.5 AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS (ASTM) STANDARD:
D 3925 Standard Practice for Sampling Liquid Paints and Related Pigmented Coatings
3.6 FEDERAL STANDARDS:
TT-E-489 Enamel, Alkyd, Gloss (Low VOC
TT-E-527 Enamel, Alkyd, Lusterless
TT-E-529 Enamel, Alkyd, Semi-Gloss (Low
VOC Content) (Withdrawn)
3.7 AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF STATE HIGHWAY AND TRANSPORTATION OFFICIALS (AASHTO): M 69 Aluminum Paint
4. Surface Preparation
4.1 SSPC-SP 2, “Hand Tool Cleaning,” or SSPC-SP 3, “Power Tool Cleaning”:
COMMENT: Blast cleaning (SSPC-SP 5, SP 6, SP 7, SP 10, SP 14) or pickling (SSPC-SP 8 ) or water jetting (SSPCSP 12) may be substituted. However, for economy, hand or power tool cleaning is generally used with the primers in this painting system guide. The primers have good to excellent wetting ability and do not require removal of all tight rust and tight mill scale if used in normal or mild atmospheric exposure. However, blast cleaning and pickling surface preparation methods are considered more thorough, and the better cleaning they provide may be more economical or may be required for moderately corrosive conditions. They are therefore very satisfactory alternatives unless warping, safety, or other special considerations make them impractical in particular cases.
5.1 OIL BASE PRIMERS: After cleaning, the steel shall be primed with one coat of paint conforming with one of the following speciﬁcations.
5.1.1 Proprietary Primer:
COMMENT: A proprietary primer of proven performance capability should be chosen. Specify the manufacturer, trade name, and product number of the desired proprietary paint. The paint manufacturer should furnish a typical label analysis.
5.2 OIL/ALKYD PRIMERS: Alternately the steel shall be primed with one of the following primers.
COMMENT: These primers contain some alkyd resin in addition to their linseed oil content, and may require a more thorough cleaning, as a minimum surface preparation, than straight oil base primers.
5.2.1 SSPC-Paint 11*, “Red Iron Oxide, Zinc Chromate, Raw Linseed Oil and Alkyd Primer”:
5.2.2 SSPC-Paint 25, “Red Iron Oxide, Zinc Oxide, Raw Linseed Oil and Alkyd Primer”:
COMMENT: SSPC-Paint 25 is an iron oxide, zinc oxide primer similar in composition to SSPC Paint 11 except that zinc chromate is replaced with zinc oxide.
5.3INTERMEDIATE COAT(S) FOR OIL BASE PAINTING SYSTEMS: The intermediate coat(s) of paint shall conform with one of the following speciﬁcations. Also, the intermediate coat(s) of paint may be the same as the prime coat, but shall be tinted with carbon black or lampblack paste in oil, or may instead be the same as the ﬁnish coat but tinted to contrast with the ﬁnish coat. If an aluminum ﬁnish coat is used, the next to last (intermediate) coat may be the same as the last (ﬁnish) coat except that the corresponding non-leaﬁng aluminum pigment shall be used in place of leaﬁng aluminum.
5.3.1 SSPC-Paint 101, “Aluminum Alkyd Paint,” Type Il, “Non-Leaﬁng”:
COMMENT: This non-leaﬁng aluminum paint is suitable for use as an intermediate coat where the ﬁnal paint coat is to be a leaﬁng aluminum paint and where longer weathering without the prime coat showing through the aluminum ﬁnish coat is desired.
5.3.2 Proprietary Intermediate:
COMMENT: A proprietary intermediate of proved performance capability may be substituted for the above if desired by the speciﬁer. Specify the manufacturer, trade name, and product number of the desired proprietary paint. The paint manufacturer should furnish a typical label analysis.
5.4 ALUMINUM FINISH COATS: The paint shall conform with one of the following speciﬁcations.
5.4.1 SSPC-Paint 101, “Aluminum Alkyd Paint,” Type I, “Leaﬁng”:
COMMENT: This aluminum alkyd paint has good stability, drying, and application properties as well as excellent durability in atmospheric exposures. Its lapping properties are fairly good. It is generally mixed on the job by adding two pounds of aluminum paste to one gallon of alkyd varnish vehicle.
5.4.2 SSPC-Paint 108, “High Build Thixotropic Leaﬁng Aluminum Paint”:
COMMENT: Added protection is possible because of the thicker ﬁlm which may be applied with this special high build composition.
5.4.3 AASHTO Speciﬁcation, “Aluminum Paint,” Designation M 69:
COMMENT: AASHTO ready to mix aluminum ﬁnish coat for bridges, having an oleoresinous tung oil spar varnish vehicle.
5.5 BLACK FINISH COATS: The paint shall conform with one of the following speciﬁcations.
5.5.1 SSPC-Paint 102, “Black Alkyd Paint”:
COMMENT:A very durable carbon black and long oil alkyd varnish paint which is recommended for severe exposures such as railroad bridges and industrial atmospheres.
5.5.2 SSPC-Paint 103, “Black Phenolic Paint”:
COMMENT: A carbon black and silica phenolic varnish paint which is suitable for water immersion, high humidity, condensation, industrial atmospheres, or chemical environments.
5.6 WHITE OR TINTED FINISH COATS: If a colored ﬁnish coat is speciﬁed, the type and shade should be agreed upon between the parties concerned, using a suitable method of color designation. The paint shall conform with one of the following speciﬁcations.
5.6.1 SSPC-Paint 104, “White or Tinted Alkyd Paint”:
COMMENT: A long oil alkyd paint that has good stability, drying, and application properties as well as excellent durability in atmospheric exposures. It has good resistance to atmospheric exposure, particularly industrial atmospheres.
5.6.2 Federal Speciﬁcation TT-E-489 Class A, “Enamel Alkyd, Gloss (for Exterior or Interior Surfaces)”:
COMMENT:A series of medium oil, alkyd colored enamels, suitable for interior or exterior use; high gloss but low build per coat; particularly suited for machinery and similar equipment where appearance is important.
5.6.3 Federal Speciﬁcation TT-E-529 Class A, “Enamel, Alkyd, Semi Gloss”: COMMENT: Similar to preceding, but semi-gloss.
5.6.4 Federal Speciﬁcation TT-E-527, “Enamel, Alkyd, Lusterless”:
COMMENT: Similar to preceding two paints, but ﬂat ﬁnish.
5.6.5 SSPC-Paint 21, “White or Colored Silicone Alkyd Paint,” Type I, “High Gloss” or Type II, “Medium Gloss”:
COMMENT: Silicone alkyd paints are highly weather resistant and are characterized by excellent color and gloss retention. Twelve colors are described under each type.
5.7 PROPRIETARY FINISH:
COMMENT: A proprietary ﬁnish of proved performance capability may be substituted for any of the above if desired by the speciﬁer. Specify the manufacturer, trade name, color,
and product number of the desired proprietary paint. The paint manufacturer should furnish a typical label analysis.
6. Paint Application
6.1 PAINT APPLICATION: Follow the requirements of SSPC-PA 1, “Shop, Field, and Maintenance Painting”.
COMMENT: When short oil alkyd or phenolic ﬁnish coats or intermediate coats are used over oil base paints, at least one week drying time should be allowed for the oil base paint.
6.2 FIELD TOUCH-UP PAINTING: In accordance with speciﬁcation SSPC-PA 1, “Shop, Field, and Maintenance Painting” and in particular with section thereof entitled “Field Painting.”
6.3 MAINTENANCE PAINTING:The provisions of SSPCPA Guide 4, “Guide to Maintenance Repainting with Oil Base or Alkyd Painting Systems,” should be followed.
COMMENT: This guide covers the steps necessary for repaint previously painted steel surfaces.
6.4 NUMBER OF COATS: A minimum of three.
COMMENT:Three coats are required for usual conditions. Two coats will result in an uneconomically thin paint ﬁlm and shorter life in normal atmospheric exposures. Four coats are recommended in more severe exposures such as near the seashore and areas of high humidity.
6.5 DRY FILM THICKNESS OF PAINT SYSTEM: Not less than the following as measured in accordance with SSPC-PA 2, “Measurement of Dry Coating Thickness with Magnetic Gages”: primer 50 micrometers (2.0 mils); for a three-coat system 115 micrometers (4.5 mils); for a four-coat painting system 150 micrometers (6.0 mils).
7.1 Unless otherwise speciﬁ ed in the procurement documents, the contractor and the material supplier are responsible for quality control to assure that the requirements of this document are met. All work and materials supplied under this guide are also subject to timely inspection by the purchaser or his authorized representative. The contractor or the coating manufacturer should correct such work or replace such material as is found defective under this guide. In case of a dispute, an arbitration or settlement procedure established in the procurement documents (project speciﬁcation) shall be followed. If no arbitration or settlement procedure is established, then a procedure mutually agreeable to purchaser, material supplier, and contractor shall be used.
7.2 Samples of paints under this painting system may be requested by the purchaser, and should be supplied upon request along with the manufacturer’s name and identiﬁcation for the materials. Samples may be requested at the time the purchase order is placed. Samples taken at the jobsite should be from previously unopened containers.
7.3 Unless otherwise speciﬁed, the methods of sampling and testing should be in accordance with ASTM D 3925.
8.1 This guide is designed to describe, review, or analyze new or improved technology and does not meet the deﬁnition of a standard as deﬁned by SSPC. A guide differs from a standard in that it is not suitable for referencing in a speciﬁcation or procurement document.
8.2 While every precaution is taken to ensure that all information furnished in SSPC guides is as accurate, complete, and useful as possible, SSPC cannot assume responsibility nor incur any obligation resulting from the use of any materials, coatings, or methods described herein, or of the guide itself.
8.3 This guide does not attempt to address problems concerning safety associated with its use. The user of this specification, as well as the user of all products or practices described herein, is responsible for instituting appropriate health and safety practices and for ensuring compliance with all governmental regulations.
Painting System Guide No. 1.00 – Guide for Selecting Oil Base Painting Systems